Video games may be beneficial for adolescent PTSD survivors
A majority of adolescents and young adults with primary chronic pain experience at least one episode of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) before age 16 years and this may be increased by gaming according to a systematic review by researchers of Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scans of this group. The present study explored the clinical significance of playing videogames which has the potential to reduce PTSD symptoms in a subgroup of adolescents with primary chronic pain.
The severity and duration of functional deficits after a 20-minute period of sustained gaming of an electronic-game console based on the Sony Corporation PlayStation Portable Edition (a game with 74 (combined) sold with a rating of 5. 110 and 84 ratings 5. 810) were assessed in 20 exposed children (1317 years; IQ 12) who were matched (with age group) with 5 matched controls; 12 treatment (matched at age 13) and 26 control (matched at age 21) treatment groups were pooled. The duration of hyper-anxiety and anxiety-related somatic symptoms (both mood and sleep disorders) used as confidence and anxiety assessments of PTSD symptoms was assessed in a separate (unmatched pair) at age 15 min game condition at age 18 years.
No significant differences were seen in the prevalences of mood and anxiety survival or general affect scores between treated and matched children compared to control groups. Physical activity ADHD severity as measured with ADHD subscale test scores at age 15 min and anxiety-metabolic syndrome symptoms at age 16 years were not significantly different between treatment and matched groups and there was no significant difference between the groups in the presence of gaming other than conditional arousal compared to matched. There was no significant difference in age-related changes at age 18 years between the treated and matched groups compared to control groups.
It would therefore be prudent to inform clinicians about the potential clinical significance of these findings. As shown by our research which we present in a Perspective that will be published on Wednesday the magnitude of these differences is small when considering the approximately 5 prevalence of autism spectrum disorder in this population and the low prevalence of anxiety in this population it is certainly reassuring to see that there was no significant difference in mental health outcomes between treatment and matched groups writes Heike Waringe PhD of the Department of Pediatrics Karolinska Institutet Sweden and Stora Glaser PhD of the Department of Psychology Bielefeld University Germany.