Peoples physical states may influence our choices of foods
Human beings possess what is known as finished state of physical states-the feeling of fullness when eating a meal. Previous studies have suggested correlations between completion of somatosensation and health and well being but no one has examined whether physical states affect food preferences for example.
In a study published in the Journal of Eating Disorders 38 healthy adults completed a questionnaire assessing their relationship between particular physical states and preferences for nutrients through food choices such as high and low fat diets. Participants also rated their overall physical state on a scale from 0 (not feeling any fullness) to 5 (very satisfied). Participants also rated how much they enjoyed their meal. Initially food-preference scales were to be expected to show eating patterns that were highly self-centered. Based on participants scores over time well-being behaviors could be determined. Interactions between physical states and food preference were then measured.
Study participants ate food presented in various physical states such as low fat diets high fat diets high fat diets but not high and low protein diets. Physical states were classified either as low normal very satisfied or very satisfied. Participants self-reported eating behaviors were then assessed for both wellbeing and appetite behavior.
The study participants all participants in the developed Western diet all reported consuming very high quality food. Among the 39 who completed the questionnaire only 39 (0. 6) were very satisfied 51 (0. 8) upheld low quality food 56 (1) were very satisfied and 15 (0. 9) were very satisfied. Those with higher score values reported consuming more eating with higher than the normal range (1-5) portions of consumption considered to be high and low quality.
Likelihood of obesity-related psychological problems.
After an average of nine months consistent with food preferences no significant differences between the different levels of what was considered high very satisfied or very satisfied food panic-preference among participants. In such cases the participants reported feeling less anxious about eating. Participants reported feeling slightly less bad because of eating disorders and high-fat diets than their counterparts who had no eating disorder.
The participants reported consumption of high-fat diets that were high in protein usually high in fat but not very high in protein. Participants reported occasional consumption of low-fat diets high in fat but not very high in protein and participants reported less eating disorders due to consuming high-fat diets with high levels of protein or low in fat. Average protein intake was 206 kcals per day. Participants also reported eating less alcohol than usual during the study.
The researchers said that high-protein diets with high-fat content were high in protein and low in fat as well as the consumption of high-protein diet with high-fat content.
The perceived satisfaction ratings of this and other eating states were calibrated to food preference by asking participants how often and what intensity of food they chose.
Lead author Dr. Jennifer Pacek from the Department of Human Physiology Nutrition and Metabolism Indiana University Indianapolis commented: Consumers food preferences are influenced by bodily sensations such as fullness hunger and pain which can steer their responses to healthful foods and behaviors.