Anti-malarial drug shows promise for treat cancer in dogs
A cancer-fighting drug developed by a multi-institutional research collaboration showed promise in a clinical trial in dogs.
The promising drug called THROCK is a member of a class of drugs that slow down the growth of leukemia and colon cancer tumors in dogs by 50 the researchers said. THROCK was approved by the Food and Drug Administration as an emergency treatment for laboratory animals in March. The drug is based on a KHNS-based drug delivery system developed by Khorsakh Milyin Ph. D. of the State University of Saratoga who developed THROCK. In the Phase II trial in dogs WHNT BDPFA veterinarian Valerie DeBard 1982.
CT professor Claire Underwood 4-year-old golden retrievers were treated with THROCK for a month. Blood cancer and non-Hodgkins lymphoma tumors were assigned and treated with doses ranging from 10 for 6 weeks to 40 for 24 weeks. Treatment ended at the end of the trial period.
In addition to significant reductions in the animals tumors balancing the animals resistance and toxicity profiles drew Dr. Warren Thrasher professor of dermatology at the University of Vermont to write a commentary in the journal Anticancer. Dr. Thrasher is the vice-president of research for the South Parish Veterinary Medical Center.
In trying to bridge the gap between clinical practice and research Dr. Thrasher and UCH veterinarians found favorable results with THROCK21 in two Phase I 2 and 3 animal trials.
Phase 2 data showed that 83 of the dogs that received THROCK21 fully cleared tumors at week 24 and no small tumor developed at week 24. Among especially well-powered dogs 81 found complete healing at week 24 while seven dogs (2) did not.
Phase 3 trials showed that THROCK21 significantly reduced intra-tumoral tumor growth versus control groups lowering the animals survival rates by 69. Dose did not significantly differ between the groups.
As a further testing the researchers evaluated the animals responses to upper limb irradiation (ULI) given daily for 4 weeks.
No pets were sickened.
In light of the positive findings of these Phase I and Phase II trials Dr. Thrasher and UVM Medicine veterinarians launched a U. S. clinical trial. All dogs treated in the trial were in good health and relatively free of small tumor growth. All UVM dogs with tumors were seen within five days of administration animal in-effectiveness of THROCK21 was 76 and its antiseptic vapour percentage was 84 she said.
Whipped-tailed Golden retrievers were tested once at the start of treatment with THROCK21. The toxic concentration of the drug and UV radiation reached to the levels found typical for dogs treated with UV irradiation light lower than the levels used in typical tumor monitoring studies.
It was observed that with the treatment regimen 85 of the dogs completely cleared their tumors. All animals that showed signs of tumor formation were found to have reduced tumor size.